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      Korean Journal of Stroke 2011 ; 13 (2) : p.57~62
Biomarkers of Stroke
(뇌졸중의 바이오마커)
저자 방오영
논문 종류 Review Articles 전문 보기 002-11-11(종설-방오영)57-62.pdf
Background: Most major clinical trials have failed during the last 2 decades, including large clinical trials of secondary prevention and neuroprotection. These results suggest the presence of heterogeneity among stroke patients. Biomarker is defi ned as a biological molecules found in blood, other body fl uids or tissues that is evaluated as an indicator of normal biological processes,pathogenic processes, or pharmacologic responses to a therapeutic intervention. Stroke biomarkers may provide the information on the heterogeneity among patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease. In addition, stroke biomarkers could be a guiding tool for more effective personalized therapy. Main contents: Three aspects of stroke biomarkers are discussed. First, the role of biomarkers in stroke patients is presented. Second, limitations of current biomarkers (especially protein biomarkers) in the stroke fi eld are discussed with possible reasons. Lastly, types of biomarkers, including protein, genetic and microparticles, are presented with their advantages and disadvantages focusing on the importance of comprehensive approaches using various types of biomarkers. Expectations: Although biomarkers are not recommended as a routine practice in stroke patients, there have been numerous effects to overcome current limitations. The studies reviewed herein suggest that using various biomarkers to improve the understanding of individual pathophysiologies will further promote the development of screening tool of highrisk patients, predicting model of stroke outcome and rational stroke therapy tailored to the specifi cs of each case. (Korean J Stroke 2011;13:57-62)

KEY WORDS: Stroke, Ischemic, Biomarkers, Risk factor, Treatment

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